Passado Simples Negativo e Interrogativo – Outros Verbos

Passado Simples Negativo

o
presente usamos o auxiliar do/does
+ not
para
as frases negativas. Para o passado, atulizaremos apenas o did+not
para todas as pessoas (sujeitos).

 

negativa

forma
contraída

significado

I did
not work

I
didn’t
work

eu
não trabalhei

you
did
not work

you
didn’t
work

você
não trabalhou

he
did
not work

he
didn’t
work

ele
não trabalhou

she
did
not work

she
didn’t
work

ela
não trabalhou

it
did
not work

it
didn’t
work

ele(a)
não trabalhou

we
did
not work

we
didn’t
work

nós
não trabalhamos

you
did
not work

you
didn’t
work

vocês
não trabalharam

they
did
not work

they
didn’t
work

eles(as)
não trabalharam

 

 

  • Note
    que utilizamos o auxiliar did + a palavra not para formar a
    negativa. Na forma contraída, utilizamos didn’t (did + not).
  • Repare
    que utilizamos o auxiliar did
    not + infinitivo
    .
    Ou
    seja, não usamos “I
    didn’t played

    ou “He
    didn’t came
    “,
    mas sim “I didn’t
    play

    e “He didn’t
    come
    “.

 

Lembre-se
que na conversa do dia-a-dia, as formas contraídas são usadas com
mais freqüência.

 

Passado Simples
Interrogativo

No
presente usamos o auxiliar do/does
antes
do sujeito
para as
frases interrogativas. Para o passado, utilizaremos apenas o did
para todas as pessoas (sujeitos).

 

interrogativa

significado

resposta
curta

(short
answer)

resposta
longa

Did
I work?

eu
trabalhei?

Yes,
I
did.

No,
I
didn’t.

Yes,
I worked.

No,
I didn’t work.

Did
you
work?

você
trabalhou?

Yes,
you
did.

No,
you
didn’t.

Yes,
you worked.

No,
you didn’t work.

Did
he work?

ele
trabalhou?

Yes,
he
did.

No,
he
didn’t.

Yes,
he worked.

No,
he didn’t work.

Did
she work?

ela
trabalhou?

Yes,
she
did.

No,
she
didn’t.

Yes,
she worked.

No,
she didn’t work.

Did
it work?

ele(a)
trabalhou?

Yes,
it
did.

No,
it
didn’t.

Yes,
it worked.

No,
it didn’t work.

Did
we
work?

nós
trabalhamos?

Yes,
we
did.

No,
we
didn’t.

Yes,
we worked.

No,
we didn’t work.

Did
you work?

vocês
trabalharam?

Yes,
you
did.

No,
you
didn’t.

Yes,
you worked.

No,
you didn’t work.

Did
they work?

eles(as)
trabalharam?

Yes,
they
did.

No,
they
didn’t.

Yes,
they worked.

No,
they didn’t work.

 

 

Did
you like

your teacher? Yes,
I did
.
[Você
gostava do seu professor? Sim, eu gostava.]

No, I didn’t. [Não,
eu não gostava.]

Did
he study

Spanish? Yes,
he did
. [Ele
estudou espanhol? Sim, ele estudou.]

No,
he didn’t
. [Não,
ele não estudou.]

 

  • Repare
    que utilizamos o auxiliar did
    + infinitivo
    .
    Ou seja, não usamos “Did
    you played…?

    ou
    Did
    he had…?
    “,
    mas sim “Did you play…?” e “Did he have…?”.

 

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