Gramática inglesa: WOULD (passado)

By Ana Luiza | Lições de Inglês

Apr 08
Inglês - Gramática inglesa WOULD (passado)

Hi everyone! A leitora Bruna escreveu perguntando qual é a diferença entre used to e would. Used to é usado para falar sobre ações que ocorriam com frequência no passado. E quem já estuda inglês há um tempinho provelmente conhece o Would em sentenças como Would you like some coffee? ou I would do that if I had money.

Só que o ‘would’ também é usado no mesmo sentido de ‘used to’: para descrever ação repetida no passado.

When we were kids, we would always (we always used to) stop by the ice cream shop on the way home from school.

Mas pense nessa situação: você quer descrever uma “coisa” do passado que é na verdade uma sequência específica de eventos. Por exemplo:

No dia de Natal, a gente acordava cedo.
Daí, a gente ia para a sala e esperava a minha mãe chegar.
Quando ela chegava, a gente abria os presentes, e daí a gente tomava café.

Usar ‘used to’ para todas estas ações não é natural, e soa estranho em uma conversa. Por exemplo,

We used to wake up early on Christmas day.
Then we used to go to the living room and wait for my mom to arrive.
After she arrived, we used to open the presents, and then we used to have breakfast.After she arrived, we would open the presents.

É aqui que entra o ‘would’, que é muito usado para descrever uma série de ações frequentes ou repetitivas. Você pode usar ‘would’ em toda a sequência de ações, e não vai soar estranho; poderia também começar com o ‘used to’ e prosseguir com o ‘would’.

Na conversa informal do dia a dia, e mesmo na escrita, é muito comum usar a contração ‘d em vez da palavra inteira. Veja:

We used to / would wake up early on Christmas morning.
Then, we’d go to the living room and wait for my mom to arrive.
After she arrived, we would open the presents, and then we’d have breakfast.

Mais algumas dicas:

  • Para se falar de apenas uma ação que se repetia no passado, é mais comum o ‘used to’: I used to practice volleyball when I was in college.
  • Quando usar o ‘would’, você deve especificar o momento do passado em que a ação ocorria. Se não, vai parecer que você está usando o condicional! Veja:

When I was 20 I would go jogging every day.

Se você disser apenas I would go jogging every day, você está dizendo Eu correria todo dia. Se não for especificar quando a ação ocorria, use ‘used to’: I used to go jogging every day.

  • Would não é usado com be para descrever um “estado”; apenas ‘used to’. Por exemplo, Ele era muito inteligente: He used to be very intelligent, e não He would be very intelligent.

Atividade

would-ingles-2

Descreva uma sequência de atividades que você fazia quando criança.
A minha: When I was a teenager, I would have lunch and then walk to school. Then after school I’d walk back home with a friend.

E mais uma para finalizar: é super comum em filmes americanos ter uma cena em que um personagem começar a contar alguma coisa da sua infância – geralmente começa assim: When I was a little girl/boy… Fiquem ligados, pois é quase garantido que a pessoa vai usar would e used to!

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About the Author

Ana Luiza criou um blog de dicas de inglês em 2006, e depois de muito pesquisar o que faz alguém ganhar fluência numa segunda língua, criou seu primeiro curso de inglês em 2009.

  • Nelson says:

    Caramba Ana, não tinha visto ainda uma explicacao tao perfeita como essa. .. entendi tudinho. Muito obrigado e parabens !!!

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  • Victor Hugo says:

    Ana,

    Estava assistindo um documentário e o cara falou a seguinte frase: “And this would be the dance hall” (só para você entender o contexto, o cara estava mostrando um lugar onde ele costumava fazer festas nos anos 60).

    Veja se eu entendi direito… na explicação fala que para não se usa o Would + Be….

    Mas na informalidade, no dia-a-dia acontece das pessoas usarem o Would + Be?

    Obrigado.

  • […] here’s what used to do: I would have my laptop right in front of me, and then I’d have my mobile sitting next to my laptop. The reason why I […]

  • Natasha says:

    queria saber o que há de arrado na Frase e porque ”they in the forties, some artists and young people wore blue jeans because..” o que se diz errado é o ”wore” porém eu não entendo porque ele esta errado podeia me ajudar?

  • Layla says:

    I used to listen to your podcasts everyday, but unfortunately I don’t have much time anymore.

    Aprendo muito por aqui!!! Parabéns Ana Luiza e muito obrigada por todo o conteúdo riquíssimo!!!
    Beijos

    • Ana Luiza says:

      You’re welcome :)

      • Layla says:

        oh my gooooshhhhhhh!!!!!!! this is the best site about english of the WORLD. darling, this is so diferent of the others sites. its so better. in the other sites dont understand the things that the peaple say there. oh god, thanksssss for exist darling. i am living in the unite staes now and i dont speak english very well!! this site helps me a lottttt, darling, you dont know HOW this site helps me… well, thanks, you helped me and i dont know how to gave back to you. kisses Layla

  • […] what the teacher was saying but sometimes you couldn’t understand what she meant. Sometimes you would raise your hand and you would say “Excuse me! I’m not following” or “I’m […]

  • Leonardo Lemos says:

    Sensacional este Artigo!
    Great!

  • […] A frase original é “He used to be her agent”. “Used to” pode ser traduzido como “costumava” quando faz sentido ser assim, mas em casos como este, used to be torna-se apenas “era”. Veja mais sobre used to aqui. […]

  • Debbie says:

    When I was a child I would go to school in the morning. Then after school I’d have lunch and then play with my friends. What a good life!!!!!

  • nelson gomez says:

    i used to have a lot of friends when i was a boy, now i’d like to have them again.

  • Danielle says:

    Olá,
    gostaria de saber a diferença entre: He used to be very intelligent e He was very intelligent .
    Obrigada!

  • Cláudia says:

    I used to go to my missed aunt´s house when I was child and when I was there she always would be in a small room sewing. We would have coffee and cookies together and also we´d gossip for a while. It used to be a great time.

  • Ana Cristina Miranda says:

    Hi, Ana Luiza!
    I like so much to listen your podcasts when I’m going to work and, sometimes, in my home too…Your diction is so clear! It’s is the first time I’m writing here… but it’s not the last.
    About the post, my example is: “When I was a child I used to play on the street. Nowadays, it’s impossible.” and “I used to see just the Steve’s videos to practice my English, now I have others options, and the bests are the your and Steve’s.”
    Congratulations for both! ;)
    See u, dear…

    • Ana Luiza says:

      Hi Ana – thanks for your comment. So happy to hear the posts have been useful.. Keep it up :)

  • […] similar recentemente? Como você pode usar used to na sua vida? Para saber mais sobre o assunto, veja esse post. Filed Under: Lições de Inglês (gramática, […]

  • Daiane Freitas says:

    Hi colega!

    Amei as explicações!!!Thank you so much !

  • Ângela Marcela says:

    Hello everyone!
    When I was a child I used to visit my grandmother with my sisters. The she would cook some chocolates cookies to us and after all she would tell us good horror stories. She was my good friend and I used to think that she was immortal
    I loved remember my past here.
    This is a good place to learn English!

  • João Carlos says:

    Olá, estou estudando inglês pela internet. Eu gostaria de saber qual a diferença entre:
    He used to be very intelligent.
    He was very intelligent.
    Estou estudando o emprego do Would e Used to.
    Daí fiquei na dúvida quando se fala no passado, pois temos o verbo to be. Desde já, obrigado.

  • Plácido says:

    I´d like to thanks Ana Luiza for yours teachings. In the before month I used to jogging one day for week, but the next week I´d jogging twice, at least that had been rainning.

  • Ana Luiza says:

    Hi everyone! Thanks for all your examples.

    Sim, Karen – em geral, I’d = I would

  • Karen says:

    Olá, tudo bem?

    I’d é a abreviação de I would ?
    segue a frase:
    I’d like to make myself believe

  • Lucas Santana Moura says:

    qual o correto:

    they promised us that they will bring the stamps tomorrow
            ou
    they promised us that they would bring the stamps tomorrow

  • KELVE says:

    GRAMATICK THAN ENGLISH IT EASY?

  • Otávio says:

    When I was teenager I used to go out every weekends!

  • Geovane says:

    “•Quando usar o ‘would’, você deve especificar o momento do passado em que a ação ocorria. Se não, vai parecer que você está usando o condicional! Veja:
    When I was 20 I would go jogging every day.

    Se você disser apenas I would go jogging every day, você está dizendo Eu correria todo dia. Se não for especificar quando a ação ocorria, use ‘used to’: I used to go jogging every day.”
    ———————————————————

    Então você quer diser que se eu disser “When I was 20 I would go jogging every day” esta certo, pois estou dizendo o momento em que ocorria a ação(when i was 20)?

  • Renata says:

    when was a children I would to play with my friends and cousins, I used to go to school at 7:00 o’clock and come back at 11:30 a. m. Then, I used to studied hard every day at school.

  • Júlio says:

    I used to wake up earlier two months ago, Because I would run every mornings on the beach and then I would go to school.

    right?

  • Airton Farias says:

    Hi Dayse-unlike you, I did NOT use to play with dolls when I was a child…..

  • Ana Luiza says:

    Hi Dayse – unlike you, I did NOT use to play with dolls when I was a child… I know I’m the exception

    Uyara – de nada, que bom que ajudou!

    Jone, I used to play videogames too… loved them.

  • Jone queiroz says:

    When was a kid I used to play videogame with my friends.

  • Uyara says:

    Eu gostaria de te parabenizar pela excelente explicação a respeito da diferença entre “used to” e “would”.
    Simples, clara e perfeita.
    Muito obrigada por disponibilizar tal material!

  • Dayse says:

    When I was a child I used to play with my dolls.

  • Ana Luiza says:

    Oi Juliana,
    Vc quer dizer que costumava usar as roupas da sua mãe? Diga assim:

    I used to wear my mother’s clothes

    (wear = vestir)

    O que vc quer dizer com a parte de “school”?

    “used to play…” correto.

  • Ana Luiza says:

    davi: veja a seção de Dicas de Pronúncia. Tem uma lição que é sobre isso.

  • Juliana (Juh) says:

    When a was little girl I used the clothes of my mother with my sister, would like in the school at morning and after school used to play with my friends.

    Está correto professor?

  • davi says:

    Eu queria saber a pronuncia correta da palavra “eat” de “it”.OBRIGADO!

  • Ana Luiza says:

    Great comments everyone…..

    Juvenal, vc quis dizer I used to go to school?

  • Ana Luiza says:

    Renata – vou incluir no artigo.

    Você diz assim:

    I didn’t use to ride horses when I was a child.

    (ao contrário de I used to)

  • Ana Luiza says:

    Romilson, his e your se usam assim:

    This is his son. (Esse é o filho dele)

    Your car is ready. (O seu carro está pronto.)

  • Thiago says:

    When I was young, I used to pratice table tennis twice a week.

  • Giselle says:

    When i was a chil I used to lunch always in grandemother’s house, because the eater her is wonderfull

  • Renata de França says:

    Eu gostaria de saber qual é a estrutura para a forma NEGATIVA.

    Exemplo:Eu não costumava gostar de ir a escola.

    Thank you

  • Thais says:

    When I was a child, I used to go to my grandmother’s house and then I,my sister and my cousins would play a lot.

  • exercício:
    quando eu era criança, eu gostava de ir à escola pela manhã, depois da escola eu ia à fabrica do meu pai aprender algum travalho…
    when I was a kid,would like in the school at morning, and after school I’d go at the factory of my father to learn some work

    • Eliza says:

      When I was a kid, I would go to the school early and after school, I’d go my dad’s factory to learn something about his work.

  • Jeronimo Fernandes moreira santos says:

    When i was a childreen i used to run by the street,it was dangerously because always passed a car.

    teatcher my phrase its correct?

  • Lana says:

    When I was a youngster, my friends and I used to ride a horse.

  • Romilson Brito says:

    Hello, eu gostaria de saber em quais situações usamos “his e your” para representar seu ou sua.

    • carlos augusto says:

      this is my first english class with you….thanks for your kind and for tips…..

      carlos augusto

  • edimar says:

    Before I know this website I used to spend many time in others sites.I used to use some chats to pratice my english.Would be better if I had more time to pratice here.

  • Igor says:

    Muito interessante este pequeno artigo.
    Parabéns!

  • Henrique says:

    When a was a little boy, i used to play video games, and only after this, i’d go study… wink

  • Débora Cristina Nestal says:

    When I was a teenager, I would go to the supermarket with my mother and then my mother would buy a packet of crisps for me to eat with my sister. Then after a packet of crisps I’d walk back home with them.

    It was my best days!

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