Hi, everybody! How’s it going?
Hoje eu vou falar sobre uma construção muito comum no inglês. Primeiro eu vou dar exemplos de como essa construção é usada para dizer, aproximadamente, as frases abaixo na língua inglesa:
Você se preparou? / Quanto você se preparou?
E daí, mais exemplos de como dizer coisas assim: Não dá pra acreditar como isso aqui é caro!
Hi, everybody! What’s up? It’s been a week since my last podcast – I’ve been traveling and I just got back so today we have a new episode of the inglesonline podcast. To download or just listen to other episodes and download transcripts, go to inglesonline.com.br and click Podcast Inglesonline. Today we’re gonna talk about a very common way to say, in English, things we say in Portuguese like these: “Você tá bem preparado ou mal preparado?” or “É incrível como ele é inteligente!” Just keep listening and you’ll get a better idea of what I mean.
Let’s start with this little story: suppose Johnny is a high-school student and he has a Geography test tomorrow, OK? So John has been studying for a few days but he still feels insecure about the test, unfortunately. He asks his father “Dad, do you think I’ll do well on the test? What do you think, dad?” And his father says “Well, it depends. It depends on how prepared you are for the test, and it also depends on how difficult the test will be”.
Again, Johnny’s dad says “It depends on how prepared you are for the test, and it also depends on how difficult the test will be”. So let’s break it down: “it depends on how prepared you are”. What does that mean? In Portuguese we would say something like “Depende se você está bem preparado ou não” or “Depende do quanto você está preparado”. Johnny’s father might ask him “Did you study a lot? Or did you just read your book superficially? How prepared are you?”
And Johnny might answer “I’ve studied a lot in the past few days. You can ask me anything about Geography and I’ll give you the correct answer. I’m very well prepared”. So, in this case, how prepared is Johnny? Very! He’s very well prepared, actually.
So here’s something else you could ask Johnny: on a scale of 1 to 10, how prepared are you? Johnny thinks he is very well prepared, right? He said he studied a lot in the past few days, and he knows the answer to any question you might ask him. So the answer is “10”. On a scale of 1 to 10, how prepared is Johnny? He’s a 10. He is very, very well prepared.
So Johnny’s dad also said “It depends on how difficult the test will be”. It depends on how difficult the test will be. How difficult will the test be? We don’t know. Only the teacher who created the test knows. It may be a very difficult test, or it may not be difficult at all… it may be very easy, who knows? At this point, only the teacher knows how difficult the test will be.
So this is what people mean when they ask you “How difficult was the test?” They wanna know if the test was very difficult, or if it was just a little difficult, or maybe not difficult at all. When someone asks you “So, how good was the movie? Did it measure up to the hype?”, this person is asking you if the movie was very good, or just good, or maybe not good at all. How good was the movie? So think about the last time you took an exam. How prepared were you? Very prepared, or not prepared at all? How difficult was the exam? Very difficult, or not at all? Think about the last meal you ate. How good was the food? Think about the last movie you watched. How good was it? Very very good, or not good at all?
And here’s something English speakers say a lot when they have a strong opinion about something: “Can you believe how awful that hotel was?” So, how bad was the hotel? Very, very bad, right? It was awful in this person’s opinion. This person is asking you “Can you believe how awful that hotel was?” Someone else might say “I can’t believe how beautiful this place is”. So, in this person’s opinion, this place is very beautiful. It is so beautiful that he or she can’t believe it. They can’t believe how beautiful this place is. Here’s another one: ” I can’t believe how expensive that sandwich was!” So that sandwich was not cheap. It was very expensive… it was so expensive that your friend can’t believe how expensive it was.
So tell us: how fluent are you in Portuguese? Very fluent, or not at all? How prepared were you last time you took an exam? Talk to you next time!
let’s break it down = vamos por partes
measure up to the hype = foi tudo isso que estavam dizendo
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