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Hello, all. No episódio de hoje, temos mais do -ING (doING, eatING, etc) aplicado de uma maneira que eu quase nunca ouço alunos usarem. Vamos falar dele, o gerúndio do inglês, numa forma que não tem nada a ver com o que fazemos em português: com a função de substantivo.
Encontre no texto todos os exemplos de gerúndio (e expressões começando com gerúndio) que fazem a função de substantivo.
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So… Are you guys ready? Today’s topic is a favorite of mine to write or talk about because I know that not many English students have incorporated these words into their speech yet, or into their writing even.
What am I talking about? I’m talking about words like writing, eating, seeing, working and so on. Verbs in the -ING form… Which to us is simply “escrevendo, comendo, vendo, trabalhando.” So what’s the big deal? “I am writing” means “Eu estou escrevendo”; “Eu estou comendo” means “I am eating.” So what?
Well, at the beginning of this post I suggested you read three of my past tips that talk about the -ING form being used as a noun. Now, notice that I’m not saying “name.” What I mean is a “noun.” A noun is a word for a place, a person or a thing. And what would that thing be? An activity. A task. An occupation. Anything that describes the act of doing something.
Let’s take writing, for example. The activity of writing, or the action of writing. Now really listen to these examples:
Now, in the first example I said “He did the writing.” How would we even say that in Brazil? I guess we could simply say “Ele escreveu.” If we wanted to be more literal in our translation, we could say “Ele fez a escrita.” So Jack did the writing. That task, writing, was completed by Jack. And there was another task involved: editing. The text needed to be edited. Jack did the writing and I did the editing. Editing was fast; writing it took a bit longer. Listen to this one again: editing was fast but writing it took a bit longer.
Now think about how we say that kind of thing in Portuguese. “Editar foi rápido mas escrever demorou.” We frequently use the infinitive – editar, escrever – to describe an activity, to give it a name. In English, most of the time, we go with the -ING form. Editing was fast. Now, writing it took a while. I did the editing, the task of editing the report; and Jack did the writing. The task of writing the report was done by Jack.
My friends and I prepared the beach house for the weekend together. I did the washing, Mary did the cleaning and Jenny did the grocery shopping. It took me two hours to complete the washing. Washing the dishes was a bit boring but I did some listening while I washed. The cleaning got done in less than an hour. Cleaning the house was fast and simple. Jenny did the shopping. Shopping was fun. Shopping took a few hours, though… Jenny got stuck in traffic on her way back.
Are you ready to leave a few examples? I’d love to see them. Talk to you next time!
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